This publication looks beyond 2019's UKPIA Future Vision Report and 2020's Transition, Transformation and Innovation Report and considers the role of the downstream sector in fuelling the transport of the future.
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The Future of Mobility in the UK report analyses transport decarbonisation – identifying important issues, challenges and possible solutions to how the UK can help its biggest emitting sector meet Net-Zero by 2050.
UK downstream has a central role to play in partnership with governments to decarbonise the transport sector – with 96% of all transport currently fuelled by our products.
- The findings in this publication can help shape future transport decarbonisation decisions by policymakers, consumers, and those industries most closely involved in the UK’s transport energy system.
- Today’s transport sector – which emits over a third of the UK’s GHG emissions – is considered first. The report shows the many different ways that transport is used: from electric scooters making local deliveries to planes flying thousands of miles. Development of new, and deployment of existing technologies can replace fossil fuel use over time, but given how transport is used, each technology will have challenges to overcome and certain technologies will be better suited for certain transport uses.
- Secondly, the transition to Net-Zero itself is considered. The Energy Vector Transition looks at the importance of accounting for all GHG emissions in transport – starting from the manufacture of vehicles and their energy vectors, and even the recycling of some materials used, to highlight the importance of a systems-based approach to decarbonisation.
- While new propulsion technologies will be absolutely vital to decarbonising the transport sector, other technologies and usage trends can also play an important role. Blockchain, the rise of mobility-as-a-service, changes in where we work from, and autonomous vehicles may all contribute to reduced overall demand for energy for transport and make the enormous task of decarbonisation more manageable, while improving economic performance and consumer experience.
- Drawing together the themes explored before, later chapters present snapshots of how each transport sector – road, rail, aviation, and shipping – might evolve as the UK strives to reach its Net-Zero by 2050 target.
Case Study – the Future Vehicle Supply Chain